Pregnancy management after in vitro fertilization - Lita

Pregnancy management after in vitro fertilization

24 December 2019

Nowadays, unfortunately, more and more couples are facing the problem of infertility. Every year this question arises more and more sharply. According to statistics, more than 15% of couples suffer from this diagnosis. Moreover, in 35% of cases, the reason lies in the male body, 40% lies in the female and 25%, when both male and female influence are combined. And when the reason that led to such a diagnosis cannot be eliminated, the method of in vitro fertilization is applied. Today, thanks to this technology, more and more children are born.

What is IVF?

Reproductive medicine is constantly improving and is rapidly developing along with other areas. In vitro fertilization is a reproductive technology that is most often used to treat the inability to get pregnant, while being one of the most effective methods of treating infertility. The egg, which is removed from a woman, is placed in a nutrient medium, after which the embryologist carries out fertilization with the most mobile and healthy sperm. Then the embryos grow 3-5 days in an incubator, in which a special temperature and pH level are maintained, which correspond to the indicators of the female body. Then the embryo is transferred into the uterus of the patient.

Getting ready for in vitro fertilization 

Getting ready for IVF is a rather lengthy process. First, the couple has an appointment with specialists, and then it takes all the necessary tests. Based on the studies, the doctor concludes the cause of infertility, and also selects the necessary IVF program. The procedure usually begins with hormonal stimulation (the patient takes hormonal drugs for two weeks, as a result of which several eggs mature in one cycle). When ovulation occurs, eggs are removed from the ovaries by puncture. After this, the eggs are fertilized and placed on incubation. Before embryo planting in the mother’s body, it is checked for the absence of genetic pathologies.

The operation is harmless to women and less traumatic. Hormone therapy, which accompanies this technique, may have some undesirable consequences. However, with the competent approach of qualified doctors, possible undesirable consequences can be avoided.

What are the chances of fertilization after IVF?

Of course, every couple who thinks about this technology is interested in the chances of its success. According to statistics, pregnancy after treatment with the extracorporeal method occurs in 35–40% of cases. And this result is considered a fairly high indicator, especially if you compare the probability of becoming pregnant in one menstrual cycle in a natural way, which is only 20-25%.

Possible complications of pregnancy after IVF and their causes

Innovative methods of modern medicine make it possible to solve the problem of family infertility for people with serious reproductive disorders. But, agreeing to conception with the help of IVF, it should be understood that throughout the entire period of intrauterine development of the child, careful medical monitoring of the woman’s condition is necessary. This is due to the presence of concomitant diseases in the expectant mother, which served as the cause of infertility.

Complications of pregnancy after IVF can be of a different nature. When agreeing to carry out this procedure, it is necessary to understand the possibility of various kinds of risks. Among them one may list the following:

  • Multiple pregnancy. As a result of assisted reproductive technology procedures, a twin or triple pregnancy is possible, which has a greater risk of premature birth.
  • Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. It can be avoided by using the Deferred Embryo Transfer program.

The causes of possible complications are:

  • late reproductive age of future parents;
  • gynecological diseases that caused fertility disorders in women;
  • the presence of somatic diseases (diabetes, high blood pressure and others).

Features of pregnancy after IVF

Pregnancy after in vitro fertilization, of course, can proceed without complications, which is the main task of observing doctors. Careful monitoring of all necessary indicators of the body of the mother and the unborn child increases the chances of a successful pregnancy and childbirth. When working with expectant mothers, the primary tasks that are solved by doctors are:

  • monitoring and controlling the fetal development;
  • prevention of multiple pregnancy (more than two fetuses), miscarriage and premature birth;
  • treatment of complications and diseases.

Pregnancy management after the IVF procedure requires careful attention to prenatal diagnostics, which includes all kinds of laboratory tests, ultrasound diagnostics, and the supervision of an obstetrician-gynecologist. Also, attention is paid to identifying possible genetic diseases of the fetus.

Our clinic provides all the necessary services of modern reproductive medicine. Pregnancy management after IVF is carried out by highly qualified doctors with successful experience in the field of reproduction. Highly effective treatment is carried out using the newest equipment of the latest version.